Vertebral Subluxation – Scientific Basis

Investigation of the vertebral subluxation complex and its effects is a growing field involving chiropractic researchers, clinicians, and numerous other independent professions. Much of the evidence actually comes from outside the chiropractic profession and is scattered through various seemingly disconnected fields such as the basic sciences, medicine, psychology, biophysics and engineering, neurophysiology, molecular biology, and the relatively new field of psycho-neuro-immunology. It is only through inter-disciplinary co-operation that we can hope to further understand the complexities and interactions of the human organism as a complete integrated whole. Much progress has been made on this front and much more is to be discovered.

For more detailed information about the subluxation complex there are a number of good scientific review articles and books listed below . These can provide a good starting point for those wanting to delve further into this expansive topic (references to other topics such as safety and efficacy can be viewed by clicking here.

  • Boone R., and Dobson G., A proposed vertebral subluxation model reflecting traditional concepts and recent advances in health and science (parts 1-3). Journal of Vertebral Subluxation Research 1996 1 (1-3)
  • Chestnut, J.L. The 14 Foundational Premises for the Scientific and Philosophical Validation of the Chiropractic Wellness Paradigm. The Wellness Practice. 2003.
  • Dishman R. Review of the literature supporting a scientific basis for the chiropractic subluxation complex. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 1985; 8 (3).
  • Eriksen, K. Upper Cervical Subluxation Complex: A Review of the Chiropractic and Medical Literature. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2003.
  • Fidelibus, J. An overview of neuroimmodulation and a possible correlation with musculoskeletal system function. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 1989 12 (4).
  • Haldeman, S. Neurologic effects of the adjustment. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 2000; 23 (2).
  • Kent, C. Models of Vertebral Subluxation: A Review. Journal of Vertebral Subluxation Research 1996 1 (1).
  • Masarsky, C. and Masarsky, M. Somatovisceral Aspects of Chiropractic: An Evidence-Based Approach. Churchill Livingston, 2001.
  • Rome, P. Usage of chiropractic terminology: 296 ways to say “subluxation”: complex issues of the vertebral subluxation. Chiropractic Technique, May 1996 8 (2).
  • Ruch, W. Atlas of Common Subluxations of the Human Spine and Pelvis. CRC Press, 1997.
  • Seaman D.R. Dysafferentation: a novel term to describe the neurophysiological effects of joint complex dysfunction. A look at likely mechanisms of symptom generation. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 1998: 21 (4).
  • Videman, T. Experimental models of osteoarthritis: the role of immobilisation. Clinical Biomechanics 1987; 2.
  • W. H. Kirkaldy-Willis, MD, Managing Low Back Pain by for a complete medical profile of the three medically diagnostic phases of spinal degeneration and their progressive nature as well as the physician’s responsibility to the diagnosis, prognosis and patient recommendations for care.

+ many more…